Introduction To Bipolar Disorder
You may be suffering from Bipolar Disorder, which is also known as manic-depressive condition, if you are experiencing extreme shifts in your mood, energy and activity levels. These changes are different from the normal ups and downs that everyone goes through from time to time.
For more information on mental health conditions, you may refer to Mental Health Resources.
Signs and Symptoms
- Inability to experience leisure activities
- Decrease in concentration and thinking
- Reduced interest in activities that were once pleasurable
- Feeling hopeless, sad or empty
- Loss of energy
- Loss of appetite/weight changes
- Change in sleeping patterns
- Recurrent thoughts of suicide/death
- Feeling unusually high
- Extreme irritability
- Higher energy level
- Increased libido
- Grandiose delusions
- Racing thoughts
- Unusual talkativeness
- Sleeping very little but energetic
- Impaired judgement
What Are The Causes
Research indicates that you are prone to bipolar disorder if someone in your family has the disorder. Chemical imbalances in the brain can also cause bipolar disorder.
Environment and Stress
Environmental factors such as undergoing a major life event or crisis and experiencing high levels of stress may precipitate a higher chance of you developing bipolar disorder.
Substance abuse: Substance abuse may also cause bipolar disorder.
How It Is Treated
If you think you or someone you know may have bipolar disorder, you may consult a mental health professional such as a General Practitioner or a Polyclinic Doctor.
Treatment comes in two main forms:
Psychological treatments: For persons whose conditions are more stable, it can help them with symptom recognition and management.
Medication: Medication is the main treatment option. Mood stabilisers, antidepressants, anti-psychotics and sedatives can be used in different combinations, depending on individual presentations, to treat acute episodes and to help prevent a relapse. It may take a few days to a few weeks for them to produce optimal effect.
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