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Introduction To Diabetes

When your body is digesting food, it turns the food into a sugar called glucose, which travels throughout the body in blood to give energy to where it is needed. Hormones known as insulin help the sugar to be absorbed by cells in your body, where they can be stored up for use.

But when you have diabetes, your body does not release the right amount of insulin to help absorb glucose properly. This means a lot of sugar is left in your blood.

If left uncontrolled, diabetes can affect the heart and blood vessels, causing heart disease and stroke. Small vessels in the eyes, kidneys and nerves can get damaged too. This is why diabetic patients often find themselves getting injured without realising it, and their wounds take a longer time to heal.​

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