Your blood pressure never stays the same. It changes when you exercise or feel fear or pain. It also increases when you get older. But some people have high blood pressure all the time, which puts a lot of stress on their artery walls.
This can lead to further problems, such as a heart attack, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure and even blindness.
You may have heart failure if you have the following symptoms:
Shortness Of Breath
About 10 per cent of patients have high blood pressure because of kidney disease, problems with their endocrine system (which are linked to glands in your body that produce hormones), and narrow arteries or abnormal blood vessel.
For the 90 per cent of patients, there is evidence that says they may have high blood pressure because of their lifestyle or because the condition runs in the family. Their risk factors include:
Family history of high blood pressure
Excessive salt intake
Excessive alcohol intake
Feeling constantly stressed
Your doctor will diagnose if you have high blood pressure by doing the following:
Look at your medical history
Check if you show signs of complications, such as heart failure
Carry out blood and urine tests
Perform an X-ray of your chest
Ask you to go for an electrocardiogram, which measures how well your heart is pumping blood
If you have high blood pressure, there is no cure for it. But you can control the disease and keep it from getting worse. You can change your lifestyle to keep yourself healthier or take medication to keep your blood pressure under control.
You can lower your chances of getting high blood pressure by doing the following:
Reduce your body weight, if you are overweight
Cut down on the salt and sugar you eat
Eat more fibre
Avoid too much alcohol
Manage your stress better
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