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​​​​Introduction to Anxiety Disorder

Feeling anxious from time to time is nothing unusual, but it becomes an issue if your anxiety is overwhelming you and affecting your daily life. Anxiety disorders take many forms, including Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Panic Disorder, Phobia and Separation Anxiety Disorder.

For more information on ment​al health conditio​n​​s, you may refer to Mental Health Resources​​.​


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​​​​​​​​​What Are The Causes

Biological

You may have a higher risk of developing anxiety disorders if your family members have it. However, scientists have not yet identified the gene that causes anxiety disorders. Physical illnesses may also precipitate anxiety, which makes it more​ difficult to treat both the anxiety and physical illnesses. Some common physical illnesses include hormonal problems (such as thyroid disorder) or heart diseases.

Personality

People who are perfectionists, over-controlling, easily flustered and lack self-esteem may also have a higher risk of developing anxiety disorders.

Social

Everyday life events can sometimes trigger anxiety, such as: 

  • ​Change in jobs 
  • Stress buildup due to an illness or a life-altering event 
  • Witnessing or experiencing a traumatic event ​
  • Change in living arrangements 
  • Family and relationship problems 
  • Experiencing a major emotional shock following a stressful event 
  • Experiencing verbal, sexual, physical, emotional abuse or trauma 
  • Death or loss of a loved one
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​​​​​​​​​How It Is Treated

If you think you or someone you know may have anxiety disorder, you should seek advice from a mental health professional. Treatment comes in two main forms:​ Psychological treatments: Involves using therapeutic techniques which can help manage the anxiety. Medication: There is evidence to suggest that people with an anxiety disorder may have chemical imbalances in their brain. Medications can restore balance.


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